Problem-Based Learning Framework

The PBL Cycle

  1. The Problem (concrete experience): a specific example drawn from readings, films, fieldwork, observations, or other sources.

  2. Initial Analysis (reflection, observation): defining the problem, discussing, brainstorming, creating categories, posing thought questions and rhetorical questions, deciding what to research and how to proceed.

  3. Research (abstract conceptualization): gathering information (library, internet, interviews, collecting data),evaluating info, explaining (teaching) to group members, building models, drafting papers or proposals, creating projects or prototypes.

  4. Reporting (active experimentation, presentation): communicating info, models, conclusions, and/or recommendations to teacher and students in form of simulations, fieldwork, reports, projects, or other "product". Reports lead students to consider new problems (hence back to #1).


Last update: July 2000- Claude Aflalo
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