Prof. Moshe Justman

DSC06028 (002)

Dean, School of Economics and Business Administration,

Ruppin Academic Center

Tel: +972-9-898-3003



Professor emeritus,

Department of Economics,
Ben-Gurion University of the Negev

Tel: +972-8-647-2292





Research Interests | Publications | Curriculum Vitae


Research Interests

  • Political economy of education; Education, culture and social capital.
  • Public, private and decentralized funding and provision of education.
  • Equal opportunity; intergenerational mobility; access to education; gender bias.
  • Education indicators and statistics; measuring value-added.
  • Economics of innovation and technology policy; technological infrastructure.
  • Regional development and internal migration; development of the Negev.


Selected Publications and Working Papers by Topic

Political economy of education; culture and social capital; historical perspectives
  • M. Gradstein and M. Justman. Immigration, diversity and growth. WP. 2020.
  • M. Gradstein and M. Justman. Cultural interaction and economic development: An overview. European Journal of Political Economy. 2019
  • M. Justman and K. Van der Beek. Market Forces Shaping Human Capital in Eighteenth Century London. Economic History Review 68:1177-1202. 2015.
  • M. Gradstein, M. Justman, and V. Meier. The Political Economy of Education: Implications for Growth and Inequality. MIT Press, 2005.
  • M. Gradstein and M. Justman. The Melting Pot and School Choice. Journal of Public Economics, 89(5-6): 871-896. 2005.
  • M. Gradstein and M. Justman. Education, Social Cohesion and Growth. American Economic Review, 92 (September): 1192-1204. 2002.
  • M. Gradstein and M. Justman. Public Education, Social Capital and Growth. European Economic Review (Papers and proceedings) 44: 879-890. 2000.
  • M. Justman and M. Gradstein. Industrial Revolution, Political Transition, and the Subsequent Decline in Inequality in Nineteenth-Century Britain. Explorations in Economic History 36:109-127. 1999.
  • M. Gradstein and M. Justman. Democratic Choice of an Education System: Implications for Growth and Income Distribution. Journal of Economic Growth 2:169-183. 1997.


Public, private and decentralized education; religious schools

         D. Cohen-Zada and M. Justman. "The Religious Factor in Private Education in the United States", in S. Iyer, J. Rubin and J-P Carvalho, eds., Advances in the Economics of Religion. New York: Palgrave-MacMillan, 2019.

         D. Cohen-Zada and M. Justman, Affinity and Tension between Religious Denominations: Evidence from Private School Enrolment. Regional Science and Urban Economics 42:950-960. 2012.

         D. Cohen-Zada and M. Justman. The Religious Factor in Private Education. Journal of Urban Economics, 57(3): 391-418. 2005.

  • D. Cohen-Zada and M. Justman. The Political Economy of School Choice: Linking Theory and Evidence. Journal of Urban Economics, 54(2), 277-308. 2003.
  • M. Justman and J.-F. Thisse. Local Public Funding of Higher Education when Skilled Labor is Mobile. International Tax and Public Finance 7: 247-258. 2000.
  • M. Justman and J.-F. Thisse. Implications of the Mobility of Skilled Labor for Local Public Funding of Higher Education. Economics Letters 55: 409-412. 1997.
  • M. Justman and J.-F. Thisse. Faut-il Regionaliser Líenseignement Superieur? Revue Economique 48:569-577. 1997.
  • M. Gradstein and M. Justman. Competitive Investment in Higher Education: The Need for Policy Coordination. Economics Letters 47:393-400. 1995.


Equal opportunity; intergenerational mobility; access to education; gender bias

         M. Justman and H. Stiassnie. Intergenerational mobility in lifetime incomes. WP. 2020.

         N. Friedman-Sokuler and M. Justman. Gender, culture and STEM: Counter-intuitive patterns. Economics of Education Review 2019.

  • M. Justman and K. Peyton. Enforcing Compulsory Schooling through Credible Coercion: Lessons from Australiaís Northern Territory Intervention. Economic Record. 94:223Ė238. 2018.
  • N. Friedman-Sokuler and M. Justman. Gender streaming and prior achievement in high school science and mathematics. Econ of Education Review 53:230-253. 2016.
  • M. Justman and S.J. Mendez, Gendered Selection of STEM Subjects for Matriculation. Melbourne Institute WP 10/16. Melbourne University. 2016.
  • M. Justman and A. Krush. Less Equal and Less Mobile: Evidence of a Decline in Intergenerational Income Mobility in the United States. Melbourne Institute WP 43/13.
  • M. Justman, with N. Blass, M. Dahan, M. Kraus, N. Zussman. Differential Budgeting of Education in Israel. Israel Democracy Institute and Van Leer Jlem Institute. 2014.
  • A. Raccah (chair) , M. Justman, and others. Report of the Subcommittee on Poverty and Education, Committee for the War on Poverty, Ministry of Social Affairs, 2014.
  • M. Justman and A. Krush. Evidence of a decline in inert-generational mobility in the United States. Melbourne Institute WP 43/13. Melbourne University, 2013
  • Y. Gilboa and M. Justman. Academic Admissions Standards: Implications for Output, Distribution and Mobility. Journal of the European Econ Assoc, 3:1105-1133. 2005.
  • M. Justmanand Y. Gilboa, The Scope for Promoting Equal Opportunity in Education: Evidence from the Kibbutz. Education Finance and Policy 7:489-515. 2012.
  • Y. Gilboa and M. Justman,University Tuition Subsidies and Student Loans: A Quantitative Analysis, Israel Economic Review 7(1):1-37. 2009.


Education indicators; measuring value-added; measurement and policy
  • M. Justman. Randomized controlled trials informing public policy: Lessons from project STAR and class size reduction. European Journal of Political Economy 54:167-174. 2018.
  • B. Houng and M. Justman. NAPLAN Scores as Predictors of Access to Higher Education. Melbourne Institute WP 22/14, Melbourne University, 2014.
  • B. Houng and M. Justman. Comparing Least-Squares Value-Added Analysis and Student Growth Percentile Analysis for Evaluating Student Progress and Estimating School Effects. Melbourne Institute WP 07/13.
  • M. Justman and G. Bukobza (Eds.). Guidelines to Revising the System of Education Indicators in Israel: Summary, Conclusions and Recommendations. Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities. Jerusalem: 2010, in Hebrew.


Economics of innovation; technology policy; technological infrastructure.

         M. Justman, The Public Economics of Creativity: Economies of Scope in Technological Infrastructure. In Thierry Burger-Helmchen, ed., Economics of Creativity. London: Routledge, 2013.

         M. Justman. Transitional Dynamics of Output, Wages and Profits in Innovation-Led Growth. Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, 15(2) 183-205. 2004.

  • M. Justman. Structural change and the emergence of Israelís hi-tech sector. In A. Ben-Bassat, ed., The Israeli Economy 1985-1998: From Government Intervention to Market Economics, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2002, pp. 445-483.
  • M. Justman and E. Zuscovitch. The Economic Impact of Subsidized Industrial R&D in Israel. R&D Management, 32:191-199. 2002.
  • M. Justman. Swarming Mechanics. Economics of Innovation and New Technology 4:235-244. 1996.
  • M. Teubal, D. Foray, M. Justman, and E. Zuscovitch, eds., Technological Infrastructure Policy: An International Perspective. Dordrecht: Kluwer, 1996.
  • M. Justman and M. Teubal. Technological Infrastructure Policy: Creating Capabilities and Building Markets. Research Policy 24:259-281. 1995.
  • M. Justman. Infrastructure, Growth, and the Two Dimensions of Industrial Policy. Review of Economic Studies 62:131-157. 1995.

         M. Justman and M. Teubal. A Structuralist Perspective on the Role of Technology in Industrial Development. World Development 19:1167-1183. 1991.

         M. Justman and M. Teubal. Innovation Policy in an Open Economy: A Normative Framework for Strategic and Tactical Issues. Research Policy 15:121‑138. 1986.


Regional development and internal migration; development of the Negev
  • M. Justman, J.-F. Thisse  and T. Van Ypersele. Fiscal Competition and Regional Differentiation. Regional Science and Urban Economics 35(6): 848-861. 2005.
  • M. Justman and A. Spivak. Socio-Economic Dynamics of Local Authorities in Israel: Theory and Evidence. Israel EconomicReview 2(1), 1-27. 2004.
  • M. Justman, J.-F. Thisse  and T. Van Ypersele. Taking the Bite out of Fiscal Competition. Journal of Urban Economics, 52 (September): 294-315. 2002.
  • M. Justman. The Effect of Local Demand on Industry Location. Review of Economics and Statistics 76:742-753. 1994.
  • S. Gabriel, M. Justman, and A. Levy. A Simultaneous Equations Analysis of Urban Development: Migration and Industrial Growth in Israel's New Towns. Journal of Urban Economics 21:364‑377. 1987.